His guitars for the stars are there for the pickin

Health buffs on their way for a workout at the Lifeplus Dance and Exercise Studio in a commercial section of Santa Monica, California, are sometimes surprised to see a man shinnying up a rope dangling down the side of an automotive paint store, and then slipping through two double doors into a garret.

The figure is neither a Spiderman trainee nor a thief on the prowl but Danny Ferrington, one of the country’s most respected luthiers, or guitar makers, going to work.

On weekends or after hours, when Ferrington often likes to work, the Santa Monica Automotive Colours shop, over which he rents his space, is closed, blocking off the staircase. Ferrington, much to the bemusement of passersby, has solved the dilemma of ingress and egress with a rope which hangs out a loft door.

Ferrington is as unorthodox about making guitars as he is about getting into his workshop. Instead of being the stereotypical Old World craftsman one might easily imagine–elderly, with wire-rimmed glasses, a beard and wearing a leather apron–Ferrington is young (32 years old) and dresses in jeans and T-shirts.

Rather than working with costly antique implements, Ferrington announces with pride that all his tools are inexpensive–in fact, bought at Sears. He tells you with pleasure that he purchases all his paints and sealers from the auto shop beneath his work place and that he has no compunction about using power tools to craft his instruments. “I don’t believe in using hand tools exclusively,’ he once said. “There’s no room for brown rice or granola on any of my guitars.’

Indeed, when Ferrington works he goes at the task with such vigor that he often appears to be indelicate. When he begins to shape a piece of wood for the neck of a guitar, he fairly attacks it with a huge rasp that looks rough enough to belong to a farrier.

Ferrington is also garrulous. As he works, he is such a nonstop fountainhead of information, insight and stories that one has the feeling of being accompanied by the kind of recorded cassette lectures that are available for rent with earphones at art museums– except that Ferrington’s commentary is delivered with a Southern twang, a legacy from his native Louisiana.

Although he stands only five-foot-six, Farrington is bullishly strong. He has rarely met his match in arm wrestling, and I have seen him climb a 40-foot pine tree without branches in a matter of seconds. He almost never associates with other instrument makers. Instead, he can be seen hanging out in Westwood Village at Lamonica’s New York Pizza parlor, which he has come to refer to as his salon, or cruising around Brentwood and Santa Monica wearing a throwaway painter’s cap with a cardboard brim.

Ferrington’s shop is as unpretentious as the man who works there. The telephone was disconnected a year ago and he’s never bothered to have it hooked up again. (“I may lose some business,’ he says with a shrug.) A rather insubstantial-looking workbench is littered with scraps of wood and hand tools. To one side there is a band saw, drill press, horizontal sander and an best air compressor. It be purchased at aircompressormartguru.com . It is best air compressor of shop Ferrington

On one wall hangs a Ditzler Automotive Finishes calendar showing a woman in a bathing suit standing next to a Corvette. Were it not for the particle-board templates–with which Ferrington shapes the sides of his guitars–hanging on the back wall, one might never suspect that this modest workshop has produced instruments for the likes of Johnny Cash, Lindsey Buckingham, Jackson Browne, Leo Kottke, Linda Ronstadt, Eric Clapton, Emmylou Harris, Ricky Skaggs, Crystal Gayle, Waylon Jennings, Elvis Costello, Peter Townshend, J. D. Souther and Hoyt Axton, to name a few.

“I grew up in Louisiana in a small town called Enterprise,’ Ferrington tells me one day as we zoom down the San Diego Freeway in a Porsche belonging to singer Linda Ronstadt, with whom he now shares a house in Los Angeles. “In Louisiana our place was nine miles off the paved road, has no running water and no telephone. The nearest neighbor was two miles away, and we had to ride a ferryboat to get to school. We always had a tightly knit family. At one point, I had 12 grandparents and great-grandparents all alive at the same time.’


LEAD: Maybe it’s because by summer’s end i can no longer help eating with my fingers. Or maybe it’s the Cape Cod vacations of my youth – afternoons spent picnicking on a splintery dock, eating chunky lobster rolls with coleslaw.

Maybe it’s because by summer’s end i can no longer help eating with my fingers. Or maybe it’s the Cape Cod vacations of my youth – afternoons spent picnicking on a splintery dock, eating chunky lobster rolls with coleslaw.

Whatever the reason, late summer has always seemed to me the perfect sandwich season. I can live without hot turkey sandwiches at Thanksgiving and pass on the pastrami on rye on an icy February day. But come July or August, I invariably find myself putzing around the kitchen, making something sort of weird, like potato-Roquefort salad sandwiches, heavy on the dill.

I realize that potato salad might not be everyone’s ideal sandwich stuffing. But therein, it seems to me, lies its very appeal. When produce is at its peak, even the humblest ingredients can make for magnificent, created-on-the-spot sandwiches. I no longer remember the first time I sprinkled some heavy, ripe garden tomatoes with extra-virgin olive oil, sea salt and crackd pepper, then layered them between slices of grilled sourdough, but I know that the summer sandwich – simplistic as it seems – still has the power to make me weak in the knees with craving.

Of course, just about anything made with tomatoes makes me happy. Still, a sandwich is always more than its stuffing. The nature, cut and grain of the bread is not beside the point. In fact, one might argue, bread can be the best part – otherwise, why bother with those edible bookends in the first place?

What I really love is when bread and filling suggest one another in a yin-yang sort of way. This process has been behind some of the nicer summer sandwiches that have come out of my kitchen: grilled figs and pancetta on walnut bread; a thick minty yogurt-spinach sandwich in toasted sesame pitas; garlicky grilled ratatouille slathered into warm sourdough baguettes; pounded grilled chicken breasts with roasted peppers layered between slices of black olive bread; headily fragrant avocados and tomatoes with lime salsa on corn bread.

Flavor synergy between filling and what’s to be filled – that’s what puts a summer sandwich at its best.

It’s what is at work, too, in the grouper sandwich that Rick Moonen makes at the Water Club in New York (pan-fried grouper and roasted red peppers are layered with lemon mayonnaise on a toasted homemade onion roll). From California, two others that smack just right: Larry Vito’s grilled spicy squid sandwich with prawn mayonnaise on a baguette at the Stanford Court in San Francisco, and Bradley Ogden’s thinly sliced roasted lamb sandwich with marinated tomatoes, goat cheese and olive spread on grilled peasant sourdough at the Lark Creek Inn in Marin County.

These are sandwiches that leave me wondering how I ever existed on bologna on Wonder Bread (my childhood infatuation in the summer of 1964) or worse – Marshmallow Fluff on Ritz crackers (my idea of sandwich perfection the summer of 1962).


Ratatouille is traditionally made on top of the stove in a skillet or baked in the oven. This ratatouille, however, takes its inspiration from the grilled vegetable melange that Joyce Goldstein makes at Square One in San Francisco. The grilled flavors give this ratatouille a more interesting, smoky flavor. With a glass of chilled white wine, this sandwich makes for a wonderful summer dinner.

10cloves garlic, peeled and cut in half

3/4cup olive oil

2sprigs fresh rosemary

3medium zucchini, trimmed and cut lengthwise

1large green bell pepper

1large red bell pepper

2small to medium-size eggplants, about 3/4 pound each, peeled and sliced 3/4-inch thick

1large red onion, peeled and sliced 1-inch thick

3large ripe tomatoes, cut into 1-inch dice

15black (nicoise or Greek) olives, pitted and coarsly chopped

4anchovy fillets, rinsed, dried, and finely chopped

Salt and freshly ground pepper to taste

1thick, long (30 inch) sourdough baguette, or 2 shorter baguettes

1/2cup shredded fresh basil.

1. Put the garlic cloves in a large shallow pan and add oil to barely cover. Add the rosemary and simmer, partially covered, over very low heat, until the garlic is cooked through but not falling apart, about 15 to 20 minutes. The garlic will brown, but take care it doesn’t burn. Set aside.

2. Parboil the zucchini halves in a large pot of boiling salted water just until they lose their rawness but still remain slightly firm, about 5 minutes. (This can be done in a microwave – 3 minutes at 100 percent.) Cool the zucchini under cold running water to set the color. Skewer each half lengthwise on metal skewers.

3. Heat the grill. Brush the zucchini halves with the garlic oil and grill, turning once or twice, until they are marked, about 3 minutes. Let the zucchini cool slightly, then cut them into 1 1/2-inch chunks. Set aside.

4. Roast the peppers over the open flame or under the broiler until they are blackened on all sides. Transfer to a brown paper bag. Close the bag tightly and let the peppers steam for about 15 minutes. When the peppers have cooled, remove then from the bag, cut and peel away the charred skin and seeds and slice them into wide strips.

5. Brush the eggplant slices on both sides with garlic oil. Grill, turning, until just charred, about 7 minutes. The eggplant should not be falling apart. Let cool slightly, then cut into 1-inch chunks.

6. Skewer the onion slices and brush both sides with garlic oil. Grill, turning, until they are tender, about 5 minutes. Cool and cut into 1-inch chunks.

7. Put the garlic with 1/4 cup of the remaining garlic oil in a large, deep saute pan. (Discard the rosemary.) Add the grilled vegetables, tomatoes, olives, and anchovy and heat over medium heat, stirring very gently. Cook about 5 minutes more to blend flavors. Season to taste with salt and pepper.

8. Cut the baguette into 4 segments. Toast briefly just to make the rust more crackling. Split the baguettes open lengthwise, being careful not to cut all the way through. Tear out some of the soft crumbs inside and mound in the ratatouille. (There will be about 10 to 12 cups of ratatouille. Leftover ratatouille can make for an excellent side dish the following day.) Sprinkle with basil and serve.

PART ONE Stratus Fear

Following on the heels of the massively successful Dakota Quad Cab Hemi that debuted at SEMA ’99, the annual Las Vegas aftermarket parts orgy, Dodge wanted to get together with HOT ROD to do another attention-grabbing concept vehicle for SEMA ’00. The Stratus Coupe seemed a natural. The plan was to emulate musclecars past on a contemporary platform.

The list of changes is long and is detailed briefly herein. There’s plenty more beyond that, but you’ll have to wait until next month to get a complete look at the final product. Consider that Rad Rides by Troy had about five weeks to pull everything together as seen here. Many others couldn’t put something like this together in fifty weeks. Yes, we wish we were allowed to convert it to rear-drive, too. Didn’t happen. Maybe next time.

After hours of careful measuring, the front lower control arms were shortened 1 inch to accommodate the low-profile 18-inch BFGoodrich rubber and Billet Specialties rims. Similarly, the half-shafts had to be shortened an inch on each side as well.

The lower control arms were then welded back together, and boxed for strength.

The front strut has been converted to a coilover assembly by True Choice using Eibach springs.

The factory strut alignment holes had to be changed to avoid the positive camber created by shortening the control arm.

The new rear suspension design is a solid dropped axle designed and built in-house at Rad Rides. Shown here is the axle, lower airbag mount, and shock mount, all welded up and ready to rock.

The wheelwells were cleaned of paint and undercoating, and gently massaged in some areas to help clear the massive 20-inch BFG and Billet Specialties rollers. RR changed the rear suspension completely, so even the factory mounting brackets had to go.
A shop-fabbed upper airbag mount was mated to the side of the subframe rail.

This is the painted, completed rear tub area, HAL shock, axle, and Air Ride Technologies airbag system all bolted back together and awaiting rims. The braking system is stock… for now. The Air Ride compressor is nestled in the trunk.

Rather than seal in the factory plastic fuel fill flap, RR cut steel to fill the hole. Here, the contoured plug is in place, though it is yet to be smoothed in.

The gas tank fill assembly has been moved tram the passenger side of the car to the trunk. The gas tank itself was removed for ease of working at this stage.

The gas tank ventilation system had to be moved under the car.

Clean completed install; just don’t overfill the tank.
Since the exhaust will no longer come out the rear of the car, the fascia flare to clear the tailpipe is unnecessary.
The flare was cut out entirely and filled with two-part Duramix urethane. When dry, it was smoothed and painted to match seamlessly with the factory lines.
RR removed the door handles and filled in the space in similar fashion to the gas fill cap; solenoids are activated via the remote key fob. Bodyside moldings were removed as well.
Some filler to smooth things out, smooth it down, and into the paint shop for a new coat of red.
Fresh from the booth, RR masked off StratusFear for its black top-surfaces and ’70 Super Bee-style side stripe. The hood and trunk were painted separately. Yellow pinstriping highlights and the StratusFear logo were applied by hand by Bob Thrash.
A wooden buck for the Shaker-style hood scoop.
Troy gently shaped the 0.090-thickness 3003 aluminum around the mold.
Openings were cut in and reinforced, and after countless hours of hand-craftsmanship, the scoop was ready for paint.
A hole was cut in the hood to give the scoop that functional appearance, following techniques outlined in Magnante’s April 2001 hole-cutting story.
In a bizarre bit of serendipity, a mildly modified 2001 Ford Taurus rear wing happens to fit the Stratus like it was made for it.
The 40-series Flowmaster was sectioned primarily for space and clearance reasons under the tight FWD Stratus floorpan.
The completed muffler.
Stock exhaust manifolds and exhaust pipe lead into a factory resonator to eliminate high-speed droning, then a modified 40-series Flowmaster muffler, then split out to the exhaust cutouts in the ground effects, ahead of the rear axle.
The split out to the exhaust pipes. It sounds as mean as it looks.
Holes were cut in the factory ground effects to clear the new exhaust outlet.
An exhaust flange straight from the buck had not yet been trimmed. The tailpipe will maintain a gap in the ground effect so it doesn’t damage the paint as it shifts.

Ways to design a small kitchen

The kitchen normally the closest place of the woman in the house but in all house kitchen seems to be the smallest room compared to other in the house.

The kitchen is considered as the challenge for the house designer. The view, comfort as well as the arrangement of each device and equipment in the kitchen to ensure that they will fit with the environment and the space of the kitchen is very important compared to decoration of other rooms in the house.
All the people living in the large city have to live in the narrow space and this can make them difficult in designing the house, especially the kitchen. With a clear and careful plan your small kitchen will be more comfortable and stylist. Besides, all the housewives would like their kitchen to be perfect to make the most delicious meals for their family.

So as to do that the housewives should know some of the following principles:

– Before redecorating the kitchen you should think of all the items that you need such as the bowls, dishes, ovens, dining table, cooker and so on. They must be suitable with your kitchen space then you can start buying them. Because there are many families who will buy a lot of things for the kitchen but when they come back they do not know how to fit them into their kitchen. It is wasteful to leave them somewhere but if you try to put them in some places in the kitchen then the kitchen will be suffocating and narrower.
– You have to make use of all the space. You can make a shelf for holding things in the wall instead of standing in the floor so you can make use of the space in the kitchen.
– You have to remember that the kitchen is the place for eating together so if there is no large space for eating in your kitchen you should choose table and chairs which can be hold. So when you use you can spread them out and when not you can hold them and find a place to store.
– The material such as wood for floor and wall and the kitchen shelf is quite important to decide the appearance of the space of the kitchen.

– For the drawers in the kitchen, you should choose the light color to make your kitchen larger and wider. The color of them should be in line with other furniture and items in the kitchen.
– You can use material which can have the transparent color such as glass or blur metal to decorate the surface of the kitchen shelf and holding shelf.

– You should arrange items and things in the kitchen logically and flexibly so you can find it comfortable and convenient in finding. For example, you have to put your bowls, dishes, ovens, pots, … in a way that it will take you only 3 to 5 minutes to find down.
– You have to remember that there will be more than one person in the kitchen at the same time so you should calculate the space of the kitchen for at least 2 people to travel in and out or standing together in the kitchen conveniently. There are many families the path to the kitchen and the space for people to travel is very narrow which is not a good arrangement and decoration for a good kitchen. It is quite dangerous when you have to hold hot things to travel in the so small kitchen also.

Feing shui in home improvement

What do you think of making use of nice sunny day to renew your house? We should start with the house where you can take a rest and get together, it is the living room. In order to make the living room more attractive and exciting and you can enjoy the atmosphere then you can apply the following principles which can help you to have not only a healthy but also prosperous life.

Having more natural light in the house

In a day

You have to make use of the day when the weather is good, meaning the day in which the sun will be longer in the day to get natural lights into your house. This will cost you nothing but can help to make your living room close to the nature and warmer.

How can you do that?

– You should clean the window, a dirty window can reduce half of the amount of lights which can come to your house.

– Clean the curtain so the light can go through easily. For the thick one, you should leave it open. Always use the light color and cool material for the curtain.

– Decorate your living room with some mirrors to attract and reflect the natural lights which can help to make the environment larger.

In a night

You should choose the lamps which can be easily adjusted the level of lighting to make it suitable with the environment and feeling of the room.

How can you do that?

Using the round lamps with different capacity to shine up your room: for example a very light lamp for your dining room, a blur lamp for your bed room for resting and reading.

Decorate all the corners in your house

Corners in the house are considered bed things as according to the feing shui rules the corners are represented for bad energy and air so you should find some ways to hide them in your house by putting in the corners some decoration items such as a vase of flowers, a standing lamp, a green tree and so on.

The real signal of the feing shui is the green tree because it can contribute to make your house quiet and peaceful but you should not decorate your house with the one whose leave is sharp such as the cactus. Instead you should grow trees with round leaves. Bamboo can be another different choice for you to choose.

Make the harmonized atmosphere

You should put the chair or the sofa around the center point such as the sofa table. You should not let the back of the chair going against the door. This way of decoration will make people have a more relaxing discussion and chatting.

If you have a large living room then you should divide the living room into small pieces of environment. You can separate the space by a wall divider or putting a shelf for holding book or other decoration items.

You are not advised to decorate things and items disorderly in your house such as the mixture of paintings and pictures. You should bear in mind that the living room should be open and clean to have good air and look cool rather than suffocating by things and stuffs.

Disorder is not allowed according to rules of house feing shui so you should keep this principle for your house decoration.

Suitable balance for house decoration

Regarding feing shui rules, the living room should be light and colorful. But it does not mean that you have to change all the decoration items you have to meet this criterion or you will repaint the wall of the living room with the pink color. With some pillows, table cloth, vase of flower, curtain or panting you can create for yourself a very colorful and vivid living room. There are some hints for you when choosing the colors such as the red signals for energy, passion and power. The blue is for smooth and freshness. The green represents for harmony and balance. You should choose the color which is suitable for your mood and characteristics.

When you can choose the color, you come to another choice of material. For example you can use a glass tray to put into the wooden eating table or sofa table, a velvet pillow to put into a leather sofa and the silver candle holder in the stone table holder and so on. You are free to mix things together to create your own style and feeling for your living as long as it can make you feel comfortable and convenient in staying and resting. And of course, it ensure the appearance and the view of the room in accordance with other rooms in the house and other furniture inside the room.

How to choose an air rifle for home decoration?

When talking about an air rifle, people will immediately think of a powerful weapon which is closely related to hunting.

Normal people will be afraid of touching this kind of weapon, not mention to use it as the ordinary equipment or device. In order to identify which will be the suitable air rifle to purchase can be very difficult for everybody because there are a lot of kinds available in the market that hunters or normal people can choose and buy. Many of them have complained that they can find and read a range of advertisement on air rifle through the website, forum. Even though there a thousands of review of users but they feel themselves confused when having to choose.

A customer said that he found it difficult to find down and understand about the air rifle as a hunting weapon but for him it is much more difficult as he is going to find one air rifle as home decoration. He spent a whole day to look for related information and by the end of the day, he was more confused than when he started.

So in fact, there is such a difficulty like this, of course there are still some basic questions if you can answer to them then you can easily to find down the right air rifle for you. The following questions and its answer can help you as hints, especially hints for choosing an air rifle as home decoration item.

What is the purpose of your purchase?

In other words, it means what are you going to use it? Searching for an air rifle center with the intention to find the best air rifle you can easily find out that normally many people buy an air rifle for a combination of using purposes. You must know very clear about your intention to use it when you make a decision to buy. Experts have given an advice that if you are going to buy a multifunctional air rifle for different purposes then you should estimate and calculate the percentage of your using for each purpose. You should choose the one with features relevant to the more purpose you use rather than ignoring this criterion. This is very important because each kind of air rifle will be designed for its equivalent purpose. Of course, all air rifle can be used for different purpose but it is better that you know which purpose the air rifle you are going to buy is designed for.

For example in this case you would like to choose an air rifle for your home decoration and you are not interested in hunting so you should focus on artificial air rifle only. This is the kind of products which is made very similarly to the real air rifle but it can not work as the shooting air rifle, it is only very nice and can work well when you hang it in the wall of your living room. But in case if you are the real hunters and at the same time you would like to use your favorite thing as the decoration, you should choose the rifle which can have a nice and good looking performance and light also so you can decorate your house with it. For others, they do not care so much about the appearance they still hang in the wall of their living room their current air rifle or for some they even hang the out of work air rifle as the home decoration items. It is one of the way to show their interest in hunting and to show everybody when walking into the house that there is a hunter living in this house.

What is the type of the air rifle suitable for your purpose?

When you can identify and know exactly your purpose, then you can search for the real air rifle by using your purpose as the key words when searching for information and review. There are two cases:

– If you are simply want a normal air rifle for home decoration so you just come to the shop where sells thousands kinds of artificial air rifles. There are many kinds of air rifles for you to choose. They are different in size, appearance, especially the difference in material which can decide the price. If the air rifle is made of plastic and normal wood the price can be middle but in some case the artificial air rifle is made of real and high quality copper and steel so the price is quite expensive, in some cases it can be more expensive than the real powerful air rifle because it will follow all the characteristics of the real air rifle 100%. In this circumstance, this is simple for decoration even though it has a scope, a trigger, connecting points and so on but it can not have a powerful shooting.

– If you are the hunter and you would like to change your house environment with a very unique style then you decide to decorate the living room with an air rifle. In this case, when buying an air rifle you have think of 2 in 1 question for the purpose. For example if you are going to hunt deer there can be 2 types of air rifle for your too chose, one can give your more accurate shooting of far distance but will be heavier and look bigger than the one which can have nicer performance but can not work for far target. Then you come to the second question which one will be suitable for your decoration. And in order to decide you have to calculate the percentage you are going to use for each purpose. If home decoration is larger then you should choose the nicer performance but if your hunting goes first so you choose the one which can help you to get the target the most effectively. All the cases, it depends on your purpose of using an air rifle.

Recording Better Hip Hop songs in Home Studio

New Office Space
There are many factors go into documenting excellent Hip Hop words such as sing the right devices effectively mice positioning, pressure and EQ. We’ll deal with these problems and create sure that you get a breathtaking and brief documenting in ever scenario. Secure your seat-belts and relish ye ride!

The first phase to documenting excellent hip-hop words is having a top great quality condenser mice and preamplifier combination. When your beginning out it’s simple to get missing in all of the attract of high-end devices that is way too costly for nearly of us to arrive our arms on.

We’ve all got it on before – stepped into some songs shop and slobbered over the $10,000 mice in the cup case

For excellent pre-agree in the $three hundred to $600 variety, examine out some Personas designs. They’re an excellent buy for the cash. AKG also creates some excellent micas in this cost variety. (To learn more about home studio software, including which pair of the best studio monitors speakers, check out Studio Monitors HQ website studiomonitorshq.com)

Don’t ignore that excellent wires and a pop narrow are a must for excellent rap vocals!

Mick Location & Effect

Speaker & Light

When using the froth, do not protect the wardrobe from top to base – this will create the documenting seem inactive and tedious. There is nothing more tedious than a inactive oral documenting. Putting a few sections in the right locations will help decrease the audio representation and still allow the characteristics of the oral efficiency to glow.

Proper Mick Usage

Having an excellent mice/preamp combination and strong oral unit can still cause to a low great quality documenting if you or whoever you will work with does not comprehend appropriate mice methods.

First factors first: no shifting all around, no stomping you, and no clapping your arms while you’re documenting. Don’t be a menace! Preserve that power for the stay show! For the most aspect, you want to celebrate your alignment toward ye mice the same from beginning to end. This provides you with an even keel of feedback that volition allows you to evaluate your stages and avoid any undesirable peaking.

Peaking will outcome in permanent harm to your documenting, so getting your stages right is a must. Pay interest to your meters – that is what he are at that place for Ding-Dong!

New speakers

Experienced singers really know how to implement appropriate mincing methods. They’re qualified to shift nearer to the miasmatic for more romantic paragraphs and to shift further away for noisier paragraphs

One of the most misinterpreted and most precious resources for generating excellent rap vex is pressure. The operate of a air compressor is to decrease the mountains in an audio indication so that the overall powerful variety of a oral efficiency is reduced In conditions of air compressor configurations, I like to be given some very light pressure on the feedback indication to control some of the audio mountains and then tense up that up with some average pressure on the outcome indication. For hip-hop words, I like to begin with a rate variety of 2: i to 4: one and a strike of seven to 10ms.

If you cost one from those “hurry knockers” you might associate in nursing even faster strike duration of 3 to 5th and a greater rate of 8:1. In involves to the discharge time, a faster establishing provides you with a tamer oral while a more slowly establishing provides you with a punchier rap oral.

These recommendations should get you shifting in the right route, but when beginning out, research with these configurations to accomplish your preferred impact.

Urban Cellular

After words
Figure 2 shows the signal processing functions of the GSM speech coder/decoder. The microphone converts the speech signal into an analog waveform that is amplified and fed to the A/D converter. The digital information from the converter then is processed by the DSP device. If the DSP device is powerful enough, all the functions shown can be implemented in a single processor.

The resulting digital information, which represents the compressed voice signal plus error correction codes, is fed to the transmitter section. The receiver section reconstructs the voice signal, performing error correction and expanding the previously compressed signal. The reconstructed digital information is sent to the digital-to-analog converter where it is converted to an analog waveform to be amplified and fed to the speaker.

The Telecommunications Industry Association’s TR-45.3 committee for digital cellular systems has proposed adopting a system for North America called the IS-54 dual-mode cellular standard. This standard uses a speech coder based on vector sum excited linear prediction (VSELP). It takes the 8-bit samples coming from the A/D converter at an 8-kHz rate and compresses it to a 7.95-kb/s rate. Note the increased data compression over that of the GSM speech coder.

Moto Q9h in box

One of TIA’s main concerns is that existing analog phones will become obsolete when a new digital standard appears. To minimize the shock to current users, the TIA has proposed a dual standard that would allow communication using both the older analog standard and the new digital protocol.

This alternative will be more convenient for users, but makes designing these phones more complicated-and more expensive.

Over time, the older analog standard can be slowly phased out and a digital-only standard can be used, which will significantly reduce the cost of mobile phones.

Even with a standard in place, issues such as manufacturing, cost, power consumption and flexible operation must be considered. The mixed-signal processing “engine” used in the design of the digital mobile phone has a great impact in all these areas. Any digital processor can perform the digital manipulations, given enough time, but the short time allotted for the large amount of DSP rules out many possibilities.

These newer digital techniques could mystify those who only have analog experience. Though sophisticated, the algorithms used tie to basics of signal processing and mathematics like filtering and statistical analysis. Similar techniques have been used in V.32 modems, for example.

relics of a bygone age - the World's First Mobile Phone

A brief overview of the DSP process and its relationship to DSP architecture can demystify its use for digital mobile radio. Once the analog signal has been converted to a digital code, it is up to the digital signal processor to manipulate these numbers in the proper sequence to realize a specific algorithm.

To efficiently handle a large amount of DSP, a device must be chosen that meets the signal processing needs of the system. Also, the ability to process both analog and digital signals on a single chip (mixed-signal processor) will become increasingly important. A brief understanding of the architectural features of a processor that supports DSP is important for those selecting an end system as well as for those designing these systems. The necessary requirements for mixed-signal processing can be put into five categories.

Fast and Flexible Arithmetic. Real-time DSP applications such as the speech coding for digital mobile radio are performance driven. To efficiently execute the required algorithms, the arithmetic architecture must be able to make calculations in any order and accommodate flexible data movement. Some of the algorithms of the speech coder involve recursive operations that require the use of multiprecision arithmetic. A hardware solution should support the efficient execution of these multiprecision functions.

Extended Dynamic Range. Multiply-accumulates are a key operation in speech processing. When many products are added together, the potential for mathematical overflow increases. An accumulator with large dynamic range is required.

Sony Experia Neo MT15i Mobile Phone

Single-Cycle Fetch of Two Operands. Because of the limited time available for processing speech, data bottlenecks need to be eliminated. An architecture that allows two operands to be fetched in a flexible manner, in a single cycle, and simultaneous to the arithmetic operation will eliminate potential bottlenecks. Some processors may boast a certain instruction rate or multiply accumulate rate, but in reality cannot sustain this rate due to data bottlenecks.

Hardware Circular Buffering. As with most DSP algorithms, speech coding for digital mobile radios requires circular buffering. Simply stated, circular buffering is when the address pointer of a memory buffer automatically wraps around to the start of the buffer when the end of the buffer space is encountered. This function should be automatically maintained in the processor’s hardware as opposed to being maintained by software. When implemented in hardware, the pointer wraparound can be done with no extra time penalty. When implemented in software, cycles are wasted checking the value of the address and comparing it to the buffer boundary address.


Numerous fine points, far too many to even outline here, were attended to before the image reached its final stage. Albers estimates that the project consumed about 500 hours spread over a year and a half. The fact that the source code he developed for computer processing contains about 5,000 lines for Fortran attests to the complexity of the process.


Eclipse montage

As impressive as Albers’s work was, duplicating the results on a home computer seemed like a distant dream, especially for us nonprogrammer types. At least it did until last summer, when Kazuo Shiota’s picture arrived unexpectedly at the Sky & Telescope offices. Shiota, who works at the Miyanodai Technology Development Center of Japan’s Fuji Photo Film Company, is an avid astrophotographer.

Following the same logic as Albers, Shiota combined six exposures of the 1991 eclipse using only Adobe Photoshop, a popular graphic-arts program available for Macintosh and IBM-based computers (Shiota uses both). The original images were made by Osamu Ohgoe, a member of the University of Tokyo solar-eclipse team in Baja. The exposures, ranging from 1/250 second to 4 seconds, were made with 120-format Fuji-chrome Velvia film and a 5-inch f/8 Goto refractor.

Eclipse 2010-12-21

The slides were scanned with a Leaf-scan45 film scanner using a resolution of about 900 dots per inch (dpi). The key to his success involved processing each image with an unsharp mask made with the spin mode of Photoshop’s radial-blur filter. (This bit of technobabble is for those familiar with Photoshop who might wish to experiment).

While Shiota’s work employed only standard procedures available with the software, it still proved to be very time-consuming. He spent about six months preparing his eclipse image and estimates that future projects would require about a month of processing for each photograph that goes into the final composite. Nevertheless, with today’s rapid advances in computer hardware and software, it’s reasonable to hope that specific routines for manipulating eclipse images on home computers will appear soon.


166/365: Eclipse total de Luna

Because CCD cameras provide direct digital output (eliminating the scanning steps used by Albers and Shiota), it would seem natural to do eclipse imaging electronically. The linear relationship between coronal brightness and a CCD’s image would greatly speed the process. Albers spent a lot of effort devising mathematical functions that converted the logarithmic response of photographic emulsions into linear brightness data.

At present, however, most CCD cameras are handicapped for eclipse work. Detector size and resolution are very limited compared with those of photographic emulsions. Furthermore, the time it takes to read an image out of a CCD and store it on a computer, especially for large detectors, is a critical factor for anyone trying to obtain several exposures during the fleeting moments of totality. CCDs also seem less attractive when considering the complexity of the equipment and the problems associated with using it at remote (and often hastily established) observing sites.

Certainly this will change, but for now direct, high-quality CCD imaging of the corona is best left to truly committed eclipse chasers. Nevertheless, even a small-scale, low-resolution CCD image would contain valuable information that could be readily used to create mosaics from conventional photographs.

Solar Eclipse - 1 August 2008

Of course, countless observers have already used CCDs to capture the corona by pointing their camcorders at the eclipsed Sun. While these “data” are a far cry from the quality demanded by most image-processing applications, they are still capable of producing interesting results as evidenced by Lauren Nelson’s view of the 1991 eclipse, prepared from video shot at La Paz. Nelson used a Canon L1 camcorder attached to a 5-inch Celestron Schmidt-Cassegrain telescope, slowly sweeping around the Moon’s limb during totality. Later he used a Macintosh IIfx computer and RasterOps Video ColorBoard 364 to digitize individual video frames. Thirty-three frames — each a composite of the four best frames made at each location along the Moon’s limb — were assembled into a final, 30-megabyte image with Photoshop.

Anyone headed to future eclipses should weigh the prospect of digital image processing when making photographic plans. The composites prepared by Albers and Shiota began with nothing more than a simple set of bracketed exposures. If the thought of image processing seems too complicated at present, something best left to “experts,” so was word processing a decade ago — and how many writers have you seen using typewriters lately?


Solar-eclipse photography will become more realistic through the use of high-resolution digital computers. The technique will more accurately capture the optical properties of the corona.

Tips for entertainment room

Entertainment room is a common room for the whole family to use for entertaining purpose. As a result when you design this room, equipment, structure and other details in the room have to be match with every body in your house in term of character, favor and so on. It is quite difficult for you if you do not have enough money to hire a house designer to have you deal with this stuff. Do not worry, I will give you some tips to make this work easier than ever.

  1. What kind of entertainment should you put in this room?

There is a variety types of entertainment for you and your family to put in your entertainment room. However, as I said above, this room is for every member of your house, so it should be suitable for people at all range of age from age of kids to grandparents. There are some suggestions for types of entertainment. First, karaoke might be a popular choice for every household on their entertainment room. No matter how old you are, almost all of you is in favor of singing karaoke. you can buy a karaoke system for the whole family sing at weekend and share wonderful moments with the others. Another kind of entertainment quite suits every age is book reading. In your entertainment room, you could place a bookshelf with different sort of book such as comic, short story, novel and so on. There are many other group and team game for you choose for your family.

  1. The color and style of the room

You should use a neutre color for this room; it is because this make the color of the room appropriate for every members. In term of style of the house, you and your family member should sit together and pick up. As i said this room is for everyone, so that it must be contributed by every member of the house. Besides, the discussion for this room might create memories for your family.

  1. Equipment in entertainment room

After you choose which type of game or entertainment you will put in your entertainment room, you are able to go shopping for the equipment. A noticeable thing when you do this is that you have to pay attention to the origin of the equipment and type of material it is made of. When you use these equipment, material might affect directly on your health via aspirator and other ways. Especially when there are children and kids in your family, this is more important than ever. In the case, your kids are too young, you also should choose equipment that is quite large and big to avoid your children putting them into their mouth and swallow. You have to very careful about that.

There are three basic and common tips for you when designing and building an entertainment room for your family. I think the tips are basic and easy fr you to apply.